The chickpea, or chickpea, is a leguminous plant with irregularly shaped grains. It has a straight stem with small hairs on its surface. The plant can reach 70 cm in height, it reproduces by self-pollination. Chickpeas are very fond of warmth, their homeland is Central Asia. At the moment, it is also actively grown in India, Eastern Europe and some regions of Africa.
Mankind has known this plant for a very long time. In particular, peas were found in Greece, which are more than 7000 years old. In Iraq, archaeologists have found chickpea seeds that grew back in the Bronze Age. It was used not only as food, but also for medicinal purposes. And it did not deserve its fame in vain: now it is one of the most consumed legumes in the world after beans and peas.
Just a few grains of chickpeas a day are enough to saturate the body with all the necessary nutrients, vitamins and minerals. This product helps to improve the condition of all internal organs, stimulates blood circulation and supports heart health.
- Useful properties of chickpea
- The composition of chickpeas
- Chickpeas in ancient and folk medicine
- The use of chickpeas
- What to cook from sprouted chickpeas
- Chick peas to cleanse the body
- Harmful properties of chickpeas
Chickpea seeds are often used in sprouted form, as they contain an increased concentration of vitamin C and some other substances. If desired, you can eat it in canned form, since in this case it retains all its useful properties.
Chickpeas can help regulate blood sugar levels, which is very beneficial for people with diabetes. Due to the high concentration of fiber with regular use of the product, digestion improves, including the condition of the intestines 
Chickpeas are famous for their high concentration of essential amino acids, including methionine and tryptophan, minerals, and plant proteins and fats.
Chickpea grains contain approximately 30% of the protein  of chicken and duck eggs. In addition, the product contains about 50-60% high quality carbohydrates, up to 5% minerals and a wide range of vitamins, including A, C, group B, PP  soy. In addition, this product will be very useful if you are fasting or if your meat consumption is medically restricted.
As mentioned earlier, chickpeas contain tryptophan, which has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the human nervous system. It is this amino acid that improves the transmission of signals between neurons, thereby strengthening the nervous system and positively affecting the brain. Most importantly, chickpeas contain selenium. Its deficiency affects the state of health: as a result, weakness appears, a person gets tired faster, immunity decreases and the work of the heart muscle worsens.
|Calorie content||309 kcal|
|Alimentary fiber||10 g|
|Vitamin A||15 mcg|
|Vitamin B1||0.08 mg|
|Vitamin B2||0.212 mg|
|Vitamin PP||1.54 mg|
|Vitamin B5||1.59 mg|
|Vitamin B9||557 mcg|
|Vitamin C||4 mg|
|Vitamin E||0.82 mg|
|Vitamin K||9 μg|
|Vitamin B4||95.2 mg|
Even in antiquity, one of the famous doctors of the Emperor Nero recommended the regular use of chickpeas, especially its young grains, in order to improve the condition of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). They were even advised to be consumed for dessert, since they do not provoke a jump in blood sugar levels and saturate for a long time. But Hippocrates recommended that chickpeas be included in the diet for people suffering from skin diseases in order to improve the condition of the body. Some of the most ancient evidences that this product has been known to the population for a long time dates back to the time of Ancient Egypt. One of the ancient frescoes depicts Pharaoh Akhenaten holding chickpeas in his hands. It is believed that then this plant was not only widely used, but also was a symbol of the ruler's strength.
In folk medicine, it is said that regular use of chickpeas helps in the prevention of cataracts, which develops with age in a fairly large percentage of people. The fact is that a cataract is a clouding of the lens that impairs vision and ultimately can lead to complete blindness. The transparency of the lens depends on how well metabolic processes occur in the body. It is metabolic disorders that lead to the body accumulating a large amount of toxins, which ultimately provoke the development of diseases such as cataracts, and also generally worsen the state of the body. Chickpea helps to cleanse the body, allows the normal circulation of fluids inside the eye and generally improves well-being 
The insoluble dietary fiber in chickpeas helps normalize bowel function and improves stool. This product is also included in diets for anemia and high hemoglobin levels. In addition, chickpeas are able to act as an effective prevention of oncology. The amino acids it contains are converted in the body into the "joy hormone", serotonin, which helps the body fight depression, supports the nervous system during anxiety and improves mood.
Chickpeas are very beneficial in the following cases 
- stabilization of blood pressure;
- prevention of gastrointestinal tract pathologies;
- cleansing the body of toxins;
- improving the condition of the digestive system;
- normalization of the liver.
A decoction of chickpeas helps with diseases of the genitourinary system and significantly improves metabolism. This product is often prescribed for women during pregnancy or lactation, as it provides a fairly large amount of iron needed by the body, as well as vitamin PP. In addition, chickpeas can be considered an environmentally friendly product, since they do not accumulate toxins and harmful nitrates.
To get the most of the chickpea, it is advisable to sprout it. It retains its taste, but becomes even more useful, especially since it is very easy to do it. To do this, you need to take dried pea grains and rinse them thoroughly. Then place the chickpeas in a jar, cover with cold water at a rate of 1: 4 and leave at room temperature for 12 hours. After this time, drain the liquid in which the seeds were located, rinse them. Place the swollen grains in a food container, cover with a lid and leave at room temperature for another day. After a while, you will notice that the chickpeas begin to sprout. If this does not happen, it must be thoroughly rinsed again and left for another 12 hours. After the first sprouts appear, dry the peas - and they are ready to eat.
In order to start sprouting chickpeas, it is enough to take about one and a half glasses. If you don't use all of the sprouted peas right away, the rest can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 5 days. At the same time, you can use such a product in its pure form, simply by cleaning it, or use it instead of a side dish and vegetables, and also add it to salads.
The simplest and most healthy chickpea recipe is hummus. To prepare it, you need to take 250 g of chickpeas, 50 g of vegetable oil, preferably olive or flaxseed oil, a few cloves of garlic, a little cilantro and freshly squeezed juice from one lemon. As a seasoning, you can use pepper, paprika and add a little seaweed. All this must be placed in a blender and beat thoroughly, adding about a glass of cold water.
To help the body cleanse, use the following recipe. It is necessary to take peas, pour it over with cold boiled water and leave to soak for 8-12 hours at room temperature, preferably in glass or ceramic dishes. After that, you need to grind it using a meat grinder or blender, and use it in small portions throughout the day. Chickpeas can be added to a variety of dishes, including cereals and soups, if you don't like its pure taste. Treatment should be continued for a week. As a result, the body is cleansed of toxins and is saturated with useful substances, and the metabolism improves, which contributes to weight loss. Such cleansing should be carried out within three months, making a seven-day break after a week of using peas 
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By itself, chickpeas do not contain harmful substances and have practically no contraindications to use. However, like any other legume, it takes a long time to digest, so it should be avoided by people with gastrointestinal problems. In addition, it is not recommended to get carried away with the use of legumes for ulcers, bladder inflammation or constipation 
When it comes to whether or not to include chickpeas in the diet of children or the elderly, it is very important to consult a doctor in order to avoid unpleasant consequences. In any case, you need to start using it with small portions, including because children may have an allergic reaction. In addition, dishes made from chickpeas are not recommended to be washed down with water, so that it is better digested. Be sure to take a break for at least 4 hours before your next meal so that the peas have time to digest and do not cause digestive problems.